What is Carbon 14
Carbon 14, 14C, or radiocarbon, is a radioactive isotope of carbon with a nucleus having 6 protons and 8 neutrons. Carbon 14 decomposes into nitrogen 14 by means of beta decay. A gram of carbon having 1 atom carbon 14 per 1012 atoms sends out 0.192 beta rays per second. The chief natural source of carbon 14 on Earth is cosmic ray action on nitrogen in the atmosphere, and it is so a cosmogenic inuclide.
The Applications of Carbon 14 Tungsten Radiation Shielding
Because of its high density, outstanding absorption characteristics against radiation and environment-friendly properties, tungsten alloy can be primarily utilized to create Carbon 14 tungsten radiation shielding. Carbon-14 compounds are extensively utilized in biological and chemical research. The different isotopes of carbon do not vary considerably in their chemical attributes. This is basically utilized in biological and chemical research, in a mechanism known as carbon labeling: Carbon 14 atoms can be used to change nonradioactive carbon for tracing biochemical and chemical reactions including carbon atoms from any specific organic compound.
The Advantages of Carbon 14 tungsten radiation shielding
The thickness 3mm of tungsten alloy shield can effectively block 95% of 150keV Î³ radiation. Tungsten alloy shield is appropriate for high spatial resolution demands like radiological Imaging array detectors. Tungsten alloy shield embodies the high density, that is 60 percent greater than lead, can have the same absorption radiation efficiency with the minimal size. Tungsten alloy shield embodies the capability of varied high-ray shielding.
Tungsten alloy as compared to lead, ensures the better performance of radiation shielding, the amount of tungsten alloy is 1/3 of lead. Carbon 14 tungsten radiation shielding is an environment- preserving material, that causes less damage than lead does. At the time of designing shield, tungsten alloy radiation shielding is measured in line with needs for cutting down the multiple thickness of shielding materials.
Formula: K = e0.693 d / 1/2